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The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5, years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan.
During the second millennium B.
The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs who brought IslamAfghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century.
The separation in of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan with West and East sections and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars and a limited conflict - in, and respectively - over the disputed Kashmir territory.
A third war between these countries in - in which India assisted an indigenous movement reacting to the marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in mid India-Pakistan relations improved in the mids but have been rocky since the November Mumbai attacks and have been further strained by attacks in India by militants suspected of being based in Pakistan.
Nawaz SHARIF took office as prime minister inmarking the first time in Pakistani history that a democratically elected government completed a full term and transitioned to a successive democratically elected government. Pakistan has been engaged in a decades-long armed conflict with militant groups that target government institutions and civilians, including the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan TTP and other militant networks.I happened to read and write five Indian languages and and familiar with original works in each of these languages.
They compare well with works of Shakespeare, Sarte, Camu, Neruda, Tennessee. As regional languages experience an unprecedented revival in the age of smartphones and social media, where these technologies have democratised activism, Urdu’s status as the “language of cosmopolitanism and distinction” seem to have fallen by the wayside.
Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, Provincial and regional languages such as Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto and others may be taught in their respective provinces, particularly in language-medium urbanagricultureinitiative.comy: 22,, Languages: This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages.
When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language.
Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and urbanagricultureinitiative.com all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family..
Pakistan's national language is Urdu, which, along with English, is also the official urbanagricultureinitiative.com immigrant languages: Arabic, Dari, Bengali, Gujarati, Memoni.
The United States and its partners continue to face a growing number of global threats and challenges. The CIA’s mission includes collecting and analyzing information about high priority national security issues such as international terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyber attacks, international organized crime and narcotics trafficking, regional .