See Article History Beowulf, heroic poem, the highest achievement of Old English literature and the earliest European vernacular epic. It deals with events of the early 6th century and is believed to have been composed between and Although originally untitled, it was later named after the Scandinavian hero Beowulf, whose exploits and character provide its connecting theme.
The dreamer resolves to trust in the cross, and the dream ends with a vision of heaven. There are a number of religious debate poems. The longest is Christ and Satan in the Junius manuscript, it deals with the conflict between Christ and Satan during the forty days in the desert.
Another debate poem is Solomon and Saturnsurviving in a number of textual fragments, Saturn is portrayed as a magician debating with the wise king Solomon. The longest is called Nine Herbs Charm and is probably of pagan origin.
This is a particular feature of Anglo-Saxon verse style, and is a consequence both of its structure and of the rapidity with which images are deployed, to be unable to effectively support the expanded simile. As an example of this, Beowulf contains at best five similes, and these are of the short variety.
This can be contrasted sharply with the strong and extensive dependence that Anglo-Saxon poetry has upon metaphorparticularly that afforded by the use of kennings. The most prominent example of this in The Wanderer is the reference to battle as a "storm of spears".
For instance, in the first line of Beowulf"Hwaet! We Gar-Dena in gear-dagum",  meaning "Lo!
Variation[ edit ] The Old English poet was particularly fond of describing the same person or object with varied phrases, often appositives that indicated different qualities of that person or object. Such variation, which the modern reader who likes verbal precision is not used to, is frequently a difficulty in producing a readable translation.
In addition to setting pace for the line, the caesura also grouped each line into two couplets. Prose[ edit ] The amount of surviving Old English prose is much greater than the amount of poetry. Old English prose first appears in the 9th century, and continues to be recorded through the 12th century as the last generation of scribes, trained as boys in the standardised West Saxon before the Conquest, died as old men.
Alfred, wanting to restore English culturelamented the poor state of Latin education: So general was [educational] decay in England there were very few on this side of the Humber who could Historiae adversum paganos by Orosiusa companion piece for St.
His sermons were highly stylistic. His best known work is Sermo Lupi ad Anglos in which he blames the sins of the English for the Viking invasions. He wrote a number of clerical legal texts Institutes of Polity and Canons of Edgar. It has survived in six fragments. It is believed to date from the 9th century by an anonymous Mercian author.
There are four additional lives in the earliest manuscript of the Lives of Saints, the Julius manuscript: He also produced a work entitled Computus, which outlined the practical application of arithmetic to the calculation of calendar days and movable feastsas well as tide tables.
He also wrote a grammar and glossary in Old English called Latinlater used by students interested in learning Old French because it had been glossed in Old French. Because this is the same manuscript that contains Beowulf, some scholars speculate it may have been a collection of materials on exotic places and creatures.
A third collection, known as the Lacnungaincludes many charms and incantations. By the 12th century they had been arranged into two large collections see Textus Roffensis.
They include laws of the kings, beginning with those of Aethelbert of Kent and ending with those of Cnutand texts dealing with specific cases and places in the country. An interesting example is Gerefa which outlines the duties of a reeve on a large manor estate.
There is also a large volume of legal documents related to religious houses. These include many kinds of texts: All of these texts provide valuable insights into the social history of Anglo-Saxon times, but are also of literary value. For example, some of the court case narratives are interesting for their use of rhetoric.
Many sermons and works continued to be read and used in part or whole up through the 14th century, and were further catalogued and organised. During the Reformationwhen monastic libraries were dispersedthe manuscripts were collected by antiquarians and scholars.
In the 17th century there began a tradition of Old English literature dictionaries and references. Lexicographer Joseph Bosworth began a dictionary in the 19th century which was completed by Thomas Northcote Toller in called An Anglo-Saxon Dictionarywhich was updated by Alistair Campbell in Among the literary works representative of this later period of Old English may be listed the “Battle of Maldon”, an Old English poem relating the events of the Battle of Maldon of (the poem is thought to have been written not long after) and the “Old English Hexateuch”, a richly illustrated Old English translation of the first six books of the Bible, probably compiled in Canterbury in the second quarter of .
The Influence of Christianity on the Vocabulary of Old English Poetry by Albert Keiser. Get an answer for 'What is the influence of Christianity on Anglo-Saxon literature?
BROADLY DESCRIBE THE ANSWER PLEASE. IT IS A BROAD QUESTION' and find homework help for other Anglo-Saxons. Common Origin of Religion and Literature (§ 1).
Their Common Appeal to Life (§ 2). Similarity in Methods (§ 3). Literature's Indebtedness to Religion (§ 4). Illustrations; Pope, Goethe (§ 5). Wordsworth (§ 8). Browning (§ 7). Tennyson (§ 8).
1. Common Origen of Religion and Literature. Religion and literature spring from the same fundamental sources.
The Seafarer is an Old English poem giving a first-person account of a man alone on the sea. The third part may give an impression of being more influenced by Christianity than the previous parts. However, he also stated that the intent and effect of the poem, whether the poem is allegorical, and, if so, the meaning of the supposed. Among the literary works representative of this later period of Old English may be listed the “Battle of Maldon”, an Old English poem relating the events of the Battle of Maldon of (the poem is thought to have been written not long after) and the “Old English Hexateuch”, a richly illustrated Old English translation of the first six books of the Bible, probably compiled in Canterbury in the second quarter of . Old English Poetry. Beowulf is often referred to as the first important work of literature in English, even though it was written in Old English, an ancient form of the language that slowly evolved into the English now spoken. Compared to modern English, Old English .
Old English Poetry. Beowulf is often referred to as the first important work of literature in English, even though it was written in Old English, an ancient form of the language that slowly evolved into the English now spoken.
Compared to modern English, Old English . THIS BOOK BRIEFLY DESCRIBES THE INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY ON ENGLISH LITERATURE OVER THE YEARS. by danielrubaraj in literature, Humanities, and literatureliterature THE INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY ON ENGLISH LITERATUR For Later. save. Related.
Share. Print. That so much of what remains 4/4(8).