This is the only complete official translation we know of on the web, copied directly from an official Fascist government publication ofFascism Doctrine and Institutions, by Benito Mussolini.
Would a one-world government be more preferable? Are appreciating and defending one's own culture and cultural values somehow primitive instincts that must be overcome by the educational efforts of the enlightened? We have all heard of Fascism, but our image is usually of a brutal soldier wearing a uniform emblazoned with a swastika.
Most people in the U. Adolph Hitler's Nazis were certainly the most prolific of the Fascist states. The seeds of Fascism, however, were planted in Italy. The national aspirations of many European peoples nations without states, peoples arbitrarily assigned to political entities with little regard for custom or culture had been crushed after World War I.
The humiliation imposed by the victors in the Great War, coupled with the hardship of the economic Depression, created bitterness and anger.
That anger frequently found its outlet in an ideology that asserted not just the importance of the nation, but its unquestionable superiority and predestined role in history.
Italy was the birthplace of Fascist ideology. Mussolini, ironically a former socialist journalist, organized the first Fascist movement in at Milan. In Mussolini led a march on Rome, he was given a government post by the king, and began transforming the Italian government into a Fascist state.
In he forced the last remains of democracy, the Council of Deputies, to vote themselves out of existence, leaving Mussolini dictator of Fascist Italy. Fascism and the Doctrine of Fascism is more complex than popular belief. What, then, is the nature of Fascism?
Fundamental Ideas The doctrine tells of a world where the instinctiveness of man to live a life of selfish and momentary pleasure are subjugated by a moral law. A law which binds together individuals into a mission in which through the denial of themselves and sacrifice of private interests realizes complete spiritual existence.
In essence, Fascism attempts to create a state where the citizens do not exist individually, it creates instruments for the state to manipulate.
It achieves this under the guise of spirituality.
The hopeless, cheerless, and forgotten are the most susceptible to the Fascism virus. By putting them into uniforms and incorporating them into organized movement, Fascism makes them feel as if they belong to something great, something greater than their individual lives.
It emphasizes the myth of a national or racial rebirth after a period of decline or destruction. To this end, Fascism calls for a spiritual revolution against signs of moral decay such as individualism and materialism.
Fascism is opposed to all the individualistic abstractions of a materialistic nature. The Fascist conception is for the State, and as long as the individual is under the command of the state, it is also for the individual.
The Doctrine of Fascism preaches that the true reality of the individual is the state. Therefore, anything outside the state or in opposition to the state has no true value. A citizen cannot believe in anything that the state does not want him to believe in, nor can he do anything the state does not want him to do.
The state becomes the citizens supreme authority and the will of the citizen is the state. The Doctrine of Fascism is hostile towards Socialism, liberalism, and democracy. Fascism rejects the concept of class struggle as a threat to the unity of the state.
While Socialism refutes the need for any type of government at all, Fascism is founded by the concept that there is nothing but government. Fascism rejects the liberal doctrines of individual autonomy and rights and representative government. Fascism, according to Mussolini, is for liberty, the liberty of the state that is.6, words Editor's Note: Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, In honor of his birthday, I am reprinting his essay "The Doctrine of Fascism," which I.
The development of fascist doctrine During the years between Italy's entry into World War I in and the March on Rome in , Mussolini's social and political thought took on the specific doctrinal features that were to characterize Fascism. This political doctrine caught form and was put to practice after the First World War, especially in its two most widely known formats, Mussolini’s fascist regime in Italy and Hitler’s Nazi regime in Germany.
In this essay I will explain the nature of fascism and its impact in the inter-war Europe and I will analyse its basic ideas. The Doctrine of Fascism was written during a turbulent period in the social and political history history of Italy.
It had been a decade since the Fascist March on Rome, but the Fascist movement lacked a coherent identity. The Doctrine of Fascism; Fascist Manifesto; La Conquista del Estado; Mein Kampf; My Autobiography "The Doctrine of Fascism" ("La dottrina del fascismo") is an essay attributed to Benito Mussolini.
In truth, the first part of the more it considers and observes the future and the development of humanity quite apart from political. This essay will explain what fascism is (definition), how fascism groups are run, the ideology of fascism, and some past examples of how fascist governments operated.
Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe.