Definition A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb A clause can be usefully distinguished from a phrase, which is a group of related words that does not contain a subject-verb relationship, such as "in the morning" or "running down the street" or "having grown used to this harassment. Words We Use to Talk about Clauses Learning the various terms used to define and classify clauses can be a vocabulary lesson in itself.
Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses Defined. Restrictive clauses limit the possible meaning of a preceding subject.
Nonrestrictive clauses tell you something about a preceding subject, but they do not limit, or restrict, the meaning of that subject. Compare the following examples. The suspect in the lineup who has red hair committed the crime. Note how the subject "suspect" in this sentence is restricted in two ways: As a result, we know that the other suspects, who are not in the lineup, could not have committed the crime.
Moreover, of those suspects in the lineup, we know that the one suspect in the lineup with red hair committed the crime.
If there were more than one suspect in the lineup with red hair, the above usage would be incorrect because it implies a different meaning. The suspect in the lineup, who owns a red car, committed the crime. In this example, the restrictive clause "in the lineup" tells us that of all possible suspects in the world, the one who committed the crime is in the lineup.
However, while the nonrestrictive clause "who owns a red car" tells us something about the suspect, it does not foreclose the possibility that there are several different suspects in the lineup with red cars. The car color may tell us something useful, but it does not restrict us to only one possibility.
When choosing between "that" and "which," use "that" to introduce a restrictive clause and "which" to introduce a nonrestrictive clause.
Although some writers use "which" to introduce a restrictive clause, the traditional practice is to use "that" to introduce a restrictive clause and "which" to introduce a nonrestrictive clause.
When writing a restrictive clause, do not place a comma before "that.Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects.
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A restrictive clause modifies the noun that precedes it in an essential way. Restrictive clauses limit or identify such nouns and cannot be removed from. In this exercise, you'll learn how to distinguish between the two main types of dependent adjective clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive.
Nov 23, · 2) about restrictive and non-restrictive attributive clauses I'd ever taken part in a discussion over this subject years ago, and I hold the same opinion as then, still.
I don't have any difficulty with the difference between restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses; I'm just wondering if they are formed the same way in Spanish as in English. The commercial treaty of between Great Britain and France has already been referred to as making a breach in the restrictive system of the 18th century; and in the early years of the French Revolution a similar wave of liberal policy is to be seen.