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Early life[ edit ] Portrait of Rossini as a young man Gioachino Antonio Rossini was born into a family of musicians in Pesaroa town on the Adriatic coast of Italy that was then part of the Papal States.
His father, Giuseppe, was a horn player and inspector of slaughterhouses. His mother, Anna, was a singer and a baker's daughter. Rossini's father was sympathetic to the French Revolution and welcomed Napoleon 's troops when they arrived in northern Italy. When Austria restored the old regime, Rossini's father was sent to prison inwhere he remained until June Her husband would ultimately join her in Bologna.
During this time, Rossini was frequently left in the care of his aging grandmother, who had difficulty supervising the boy. He remained at Bologna in the care of a pork butcher while his father played the horn in the orchestras of the theatres at which his wife sang. The boy had three years of instruction in the playing of the harpsichord from Giuseppe Prinetti, originally from Novarawho played the scale with two fingers only; Prinetti also owned a business selling beer and had a propensity to fall asleep while standing.
These qualities made him a subject for ridicule in the eyes of the young Rossini. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message He was eventually taken from Prinetti and apprenticed to a blacksmith. In Angelo Tesei, he found a congenial music master, and learned to sight-readplay accompaniments on the piano and sing well enough to take solo parts in the church when he was ten years of age.
Important products of this period are six sonate a quattro, or string sonatas, composed in three days, unusually scored for two violins, cello and double bass.
The original scores, dating from when the composer was twelve, were found in the Library of Congress in Washington D. Often transcribed for string orchestra, these sonatas reveal the young composer's affinity for Haydn and Mozartalready showing signs of operatic tendencies, punctuated by frequent rhythmic changes and dominated by clear, songlike melodies.
Inhe appeared at the theatre of the Commune in Ferdinando Paer 's Camilla, his only public appearance as a singer. He was also a capable horn player, treading in the footsteps of his father. Around this time, he composed individual numbers to a libretto by Vincenza Mombelli called Demetrio e Polibiowhich was handed to the boy in pieces.
Though it was Rossini's first opera, written when he was thirteen or fourteen, the work was not staged until the composer was twenty years old, premiering as his sixth official opera.
InRossini became a cello student under Cavedagni at the Conservatorio di Bologna. The following year he was admitted to the counterpoint class of Padre Stanislao Mattei — He learned to play the cello with ease, but the pedantic severity of Mattei's views on counterpoint served only to drive the young composer's views toward a freer school of composition.
His insight into orchestral resources is generally ascribed not to the strict compositional rules that he learned from Mattei, but to knowledge gained independently while scoring the quartets and symphonies of Haydn and Mozart. At Bologna, he was known as "il Tedeschino" "the Little German" on account of his devotion to Mozart.
Career as a composer[ edit ] Early years: Demetrio e Polibio to Torvaldo e Dorliska [ edit ] Through the friendly interposition of the Marquis Cavalli, his first opera, La cambiale di matrimonio The Marriage Contractwas produced at Venice when he was a youth of 18 years.
Two years before this he had already received the prize at the Conservatorio of Bologna for his cantata Il pianto d'Armonia sulla morte d'Orfeo. Between and at Bologna, Rome, Venice and Milan, Rossini produced operas of varying success, most notably La pietra del paragone and Il signor Bruschinowith its brilliant and unique overture.
InTancredi and L'italiana in Algeri were even bigger successes, and catapulted the year-old composer to international fame. Traces of Ferdinando Paer and Giovanni Paisiello were undeniably present in fragments of the music.
But any critical feeling on the part of the public was drowned by appreciation of such melodies as "Di tanti palpiti He continued to write operas for Venice and Milan during the next few years, but their reception was tame and in some cases unsatisfactory after the success of Tancredi.
In he retired to his home in Bologna, where Domenico Barbaiathe impresario of the Naples theatre, contracted an agreement that made him musical director of the Teatro di San Carlo and the Teatro del Fondo at Naples. He would compose one opera a year for each.Gioachino Antonio Rossini was born into a family of musicians in Pesaro, a town on the Adriatic coast of Italy that was then part of the Papal urbanagricultureinitiative.com father, Giuseppe, was a horn player and inspector of slaughterhouses.
His mother, Anna, was a singer and a baker's daughter.. Rossini's father was sympathetic to the French Revolution and welcomed Napoleon's troops when they arrived in.
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