Social exchange theory is linked to rational choice theory and structuralismand features many of their main assumptions. According to social exchange theory all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives. Again social exchange theory posits that these exchanges are seldom monetary, rather they are frequently intangibles like intimacy, social statusconnections. For a person in an exchange in exchange theory, what he gives may be a cost to him, just as what he gets may be a reward, and his behavior changes less as the difference of the two, profit, tends to a maximum.
His influence prohibted free speech, religion, and activities not sanctioned by the government. Blau was given a Analysis of peter blaus exchange theory sentence in the federal prison in Vienna. Both Blau and his sister—who was sent to England—managed to escape.
The rest of his family, however, decided to stay in Austria. During the two months he was detained, he was tortured, starved, and was forced to eat only lard.
When Hitler occupied Czechoslovakia, he escaped again, returning illegally to Vienna to visit one more time with his parents. In the dark of night, Blau hid on a train to cross the border into France. There he turned himself into the Allied forces, who had not yet reversed their policy of putting anyone with a German passport - even the Jews - into labor camps.
When the policy about Jews was reversed, he was able to continue his journey to Le HavreFrance where he received a refugee scholarship to Elmhurst College in Illinois through a group of missionaries studying at the theological seminary.
He attended Elmhurst Collegeearning his degree in sociology inand becoming a United States citizen in Blau returned to Europe as a member of the United States Army, acting as an interrogator given his skills in the German language.
He was awarded the bronze star for his duties. It was during this time that Blau also received word that his family had been killed at Auschwitz. Working together with Otis Dudley Duncan and Andrea Tyree, he co-authored The American Occupational Structure, which provided a meaningful sociological contribution to the study of social stratification, and won the highly touted Sorokin Award from the American Sociological Association in Blau is also known for his contributions to sociological theory.
The aim of this work was, " to analyze the processes that govern the associations among men as a prolegomenon of a theory of social structure.
Blau was also very active in the study of structural theory. He died on March 12, of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Theory[ edit ] For Blau, sociological theories were produced through logical deduction. Blau began theoretical studies by making a broad statement or basic assumption regarding the social world, which was then proven by the logical predictions it produced.
Blau believed that population structure created guidelines for specific human behaviors, especially intergroup relations. Blau viewed social structure as being somewhat stable, but he did identify two phenomena that he believed contributed to structural change within a population: Blau thought social mobility, which he described as "any movement within a population by an individual," was beneficial to intergroup relations within a population structure, and theorized various scenarios involving social relations and mobility.
Blau determined that prevention of conflict within a population structure can be achieved through "multigroup affiliations and intersection in complex societies.
He believed that social exchange could reflect behavior oriented to socially mediated goals. Peter started from the premise that social interaction has value to people, and he explored the forms and sources of this value in order to understand collective outcomes, such as the distribution of power in a society.
They need something from other people, the exchange. That then leads to an increase in social exchange in which people attempt to stay out of debt because it gives them an advantage as well as potential power.
Although social exchange can be genuine, when the goal for the individual to stay out of debt or to get something in return, it is selfishness.exchange theory - is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Social exchange theory posits that all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost . This paper examines the fundamental theoretical approaches and research interests of Peter M.
Blau by focusing upon three distinct stages in his work: exchange theory, status attainment theory, and macrostructural theory. Peter Blau makes this attempt in his essential work,?Exchange and Power in Social Life.?
Blau manages to accomplish the three requirements for such a task with the exception clarity. This writing hopes to fill this void of clarity with the following explanation of both his theory as it is used in micro-analysis, in macro-analysis, and most importantly, the /5(6).
According to social exchange theory all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives.
George Caspar Homans, Richard Emerson, Peter M. Blau, Peter Ekeh, and Karen Cook are credited with the consolidation of the foundations of Social Exchange Theory. exchange theory - is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Social exchange theory posits that all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives. Blau's Social Exchange Theory 1. Blau’s Social ExchangeTheorySinem BulkanOrganisational Behaviour 2.
PETER MICHAEL BLAU( Vienna, Austria - )• Son of secular Jews.• his analysis of society‘s structural properties wasmost influenced by Max Weber and Talcott Parsons.