However, Colombia still faces grave difficulties within the country. This correlation is found in Syria, among other fractured societies, which has an astounding 6. Still, almost all regions have experienced displacement caused by violence and conflict. Nonetheless, the prevailing pattern is displacement flowing from rural to urban settings.
Participation, consultation and partnerships Advocacy A production schedule should be established through consultations with all members of the report team and related structures, especially the steering committee.
It should cover every phase of report production from research to first draft, second draft and so on. Practical deadlines for the achievement of each phase should be determined with a reasonable expectation they may be met. Appoint a coordinator to monitor the production schedule and production deadlines.
The coordinator should be associated with the institutional focal point or located in the lead institution. The coordinator should assist the team and the lead institution in managing the HDR process and planning ahead to keep on track, on time and on budget.
Introducing a results-based approach enhances management effectiveness and accountability by defining anticipated results that are realistic, monitoring progress towards the achievement of these results, integrating lessons learned into management decisions and reporting on performance. First, the inclusion of precise, up-to-date data enhances the value of an HDR as an information resource on development.
Second, the availability of detailed data supports accurate analysis during the preparation of the report.
The steps in a sound methodology for comprehensive data collection would probably include at least the following: Conduct a survey of the data available on the theme of the HDR and related issues and on human development indicators The statistics departments of the UN regional commissions, International Labour Organization, UNDP, UNICEF, the World Bank, the World Health Organization and other international organizations, as well as specialized governmental, non-governmental and civil society organizations, are rich repositories of a broad range of useful data.
Establish an institutional partnership on data issues with national statistics agencies. At the local or regional level, the data produced by international organizations may not be sufficiently detailed or nuanced.
The assistance of national statistics agencies is therefore crucial in the collection or production of reliable, relevant qualitative and quantitative data. It is good practice to build a relationship with the national statistical agency and discuss all the data in the report with them: In countries with weak statistical capacity, the HDR team should encourage these stakeholders to participate in the HDR process.
Indeed, a subsidiary goal of the HDR process should be to promote national capabilities in data collection and analysis.
UNDP can assist in this effort. Examine regularly the availability, reliability and relevance of data. Revisit questionable data, update data and fill data gaps figure 1. The HDR of Afghanistan and the report of Kosovo supply examples of successful efforts to fill gaps in data.
National or regional averages may mask significant development disparities and pockets of deprivation within a population. By disaggregating national or regional data by various population categories gender, place of urban or rural residence, age, regional location, religious affiliation, ethnic group, and so onthe HDR team can begin to achieve a better understanding of, for example, the distribution of poverty and the nature of development inequalities.
The team can also disaggregate time series to evaluate development trends among individual population groups, regions, or sectors. An example of the use of data disaggregation to provide support for policy recommendations is offered in the HDR in Croatia. Non-statistical, contextual data are also useful in conducting stakeholder and institutional analyses to shape policy recommendations, as well as in identifying critical issues demanding prompt policy responses.
The Roma HDR offers an example. Instituting broad-based consultations Participatory mechanisms involving organized structures for dialogue are necessary to enhance research and analysis with information on the needs, views and experiences of stakeholders on the theme and related issues.
These mechanisms necessarily involve consultations, which may encompass conferences, ad hoc meetings, workshops, brainstorming sessions, focus groups, interviews, and so on, with people in various groups identified by rural or urban location, age, gender, socio-economic status and so forth.
Such participatory mechanisms and consultations promote local ownership of the HDR process. They can also act as a gateway to national, regional and international expertise. For national reports, Country Offices are encouraged to draw on the expertise of Regional Bureaux, Regional Centres and policy advisors at critical points during the HDR process.
Likewise, international institutional partners and stakeholders such as UNDP, UNICEF, the World Health Organization and the World Bank, as well as national non-governmental development actors and civil society organizations at every level, should be tapped for their views and expertise, data, experiences and useful case studies.
Appropriate mechanisms might include one-time consultations, periodic contacts, joint research and data-gathering efforts and so on. The goal should also be regular exchanges of data, analysis, experiences and good practices across the country or the region.
Best practice in consultation Implementing best practice in consultation requires appropriate tools so that the HDR team can engage stakeholders while establishing an environment that encourages close listening, an understanding of the positive value of suggestions and action on all sound recommendations.
The following can help do this: This may include contacts with relevant experts. Background materials for consultations should be carefully prepared and distributed beforehand. Participants might receive, for instance, a background note and a progress note on the HDR process, a consultation agenda, a concept note on the purpose of the consultation, selected research materials, guidance notes for any breakout groups, and questionnaires to gauge the views of participants on the consultation process that may then be used to improve future consultations.
Team members, including authors and contributors, should take part in the consultations, which might be organized separately across various issues related to the theme. See the module on the initial steps for examples of the stakeholders who might be targeted.Database with detailed information on the United Nations Development Programme's (UNDP) 6,+ development projects in countries and territories worldwide.
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The overdue recognition that development in all sectors is an inherently political process is driving aid providers to try to learn how to think and act politically.
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